There are several different kinds of surgeries that have been used to treat sleep apnea.
This procedure removes the uvula and tissue from the soft palate and is one of the more common surgeries used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). May result in difficulty swallowing long term and can be very painful.
The surgeon actually removes a section of the tongue.
A screw is placed into the mandible and then the tongue is tied forward and attached to it. 55% effective and can effect speech and swallowing.
A laser procedure that reduces tongue size.
pillar-like inserts are placed in the soft palate to prevent the tissue from vibrating and collapsing against the tongue. This procedure is only effective if the soft palate is where the airway obstruction is originating and it can take several months to become effective.
An electrode is implanted and delivered radio frequency waves to burn excess tissue, creating a larger airway. The procedure has been known to eventually relapse and is only effective when used to treat the mildest forms of OSA.
Moves the upper and lower jaw forward, creating a larger airway. This surgery is the most extreme option and is usually reserved for patients with a severe diagnosis for whom other treatments have failed or for patients with deformed jaws.
These surgeries can cost tens and thousands of dollars and significant discomfort and pain. Not all of the surgeries can be used for any degree of severity of the sleep apnea being treated. There are also high incidences with some surgeries not remaining effective over time.